THAILAND 🇹🇭 | Thai Royal Gifts to the United States of America at Smithsonian Institution.กระดานสนทนาแบบมีรูปภาพประกอบ โพสท์โดย อ้ายเติ่ง
Thai nielloware display exquisite craftsmanship and design to rival better-known genres of silver from Asia.
All of the European monarchs and states had been put on an equal footing with the Thai court, as evidenced by the Royal level of gifts sent to Queen Victoria, and to France. In the past, the Thai court had sent a “Gift of Respect” to the United States. But what to do with the President of the United States, an elected official in a democratic country?
This was a great matter for consideration during the negotiations for the Harris Treaty of 1857. King Mongkut had apparently rejected the thought of sending another “Gift of Respect.” But what level of gift should be sent at the conclusion of the Treaty negotiations?
King Mongkut decided that the President of the United States is not quite a monarch, but as the head of state, he should receive a Royal Letter along with the insignia of rank of a very high nobleman, rather than the insignia of a king’s rank. In contrast, gifts to Western Monarchs were the equivalent of the jewel-encrusted possessions of Royal Family members. King Mongkut and his brother, Phra Pin Klao who was simultaneously a reigning Upparat (the Second King), each sent sets of gifts to President Pierce.
Phra Pin Klao’s gift was the more traditional of the two. He sent “elegant and costly specimens of Siamese Garments…, silverware plated with gold…, 1 Brass Drum, 1 Brass Gong, and 2 Brass Stands.” The categories represented here are textiles, nielloware betel set, gongs and offering stands (brass instead of pearl-inlay lacquerware).
เครื่องถมทองสยามในพิพิธภัณฑ์สมิธโซเนียน ของขวัญพระราชทานจากพระบาทสมเด็จพระจุลจอมเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว แก่สถาบันสมิธโซเนียน สหรัฐอเมริกา พ.ศ.2419